What is Compost?
Compost is a natural fertilizer that comes from controlled decomposition of organic matter. This way an organic fertilizer is created that is 100% natural. The way that compost looks is earthy and the color is brown, and it usually doesn’t have a strong smell.
The process through which you can obtain this product is called “composting.” The production of compost is useful because thanks to this procedure a large amount of organic matter is recycled and reused, which would be wasted otherwise. Therefore, to manufacture compost is an environmentally friendly management.
So, What Is Compost Used For?
The characteristics of compost lend it a great fertilizer value, because it provides nutrients to the soil and the crops; and not just that, it also optimizes the soil capacity to exchange nutrients between the soil and plants. Also, when compost is added to the farmlands we improve the carbon content in the soil, it improves the hydrological cycle and increases the recycling of nutrients and the microbial biodiversity. This way, you improve the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil; thus favoring so, an increment in the productivity and quality of the soil.
Hence, one the greatest uses that compost is given is as a fertilizer for agriculture and gardening. However, it is not only implemented to fertilize the soil, because it also has other uses like: the control of land erosion, and also for the recovery of damaged or degraded soil.
Benefits of Compost
Compost is very useful for all types of soils. Besides, it is a product that originates from the recycling of organic material. Its production and further use also provide further vantages, both direct and indirectly:
- Increases aeration.
- Improves the water infiltration rate.
- Increases water retention capacity.
- Improves soil structure.
- Organic matter increases CEC.
- Provides N-P-K nutrients.
- Provides carbon and nitrogen for the development of microorganisms.
- Promotes mycorrhization.
- Increases the activity of microorganisms.
- May decrease pathogen activity.
- The number of worms increases.
- Recycling of organic waste.
- Decrease in soil erosion.
- Carbon fixation in the soil
The implementation of compost are many, and thanks to its properties and to its organic source it is a product that does not contaminate or hurt the environment, rather quite the opposite, it favors the environment and helps vegetative growth. At the same time, its production does not generate pollution nor is it dangerous, and it helps reduce the amount organic waste that is produced by our society. Compost is the best ally for farmers and gardeners, and it can also be of domestic use.